Kidney Diseases: Low And High Creatinine Tips
What is creatinine? What does it mean to have it high or low? And what are the normal values? In this article, we answer all these questions with a small guide.
Kidney function and creatinine
First of all, creatinine is a chemical substance of waste produced by the muscular metabolism of creatine which in turn is a fundamental substance for them. It is poured into the blood and is expelled in the urine. What is the use of knowing if creatinine is high or low? From the way to know the state of health of the kidneys. To do this, you must have your blood and urine tests prescribed by your doctor. Here are the values of creatine:
|1-2 years: 0.1-0.4 mg / dl||1-3 years: 0.1-0.4 mg / dl|
|3-4 years: 0.1-0.5 mg / dl||4-5 years: 0.2-0.5 mg / dl|
|5-9 years: 0.2-0.6 mg / dl||6-8 years: 0.3-0.6 mg / dl|
|10-11 years: 0.3-0.7 mg / dl||9-15 years: 0.4-0.7 mg / dl|
|12-13 years: 0.4-0.8 mg / dl||Adults: 0.6-1.1 mg / dl|
|14-15 years: 0.5-0.9 mg / dl|
|Adults: 0.8-1.3 mg / dl|
Speaking of adults then a value between 0.6-1.2 milligrams per decilitre in adult males and between 0.5 and 1.1 milligrams per decilitre in adult females is considered normal, values above or below determine the presence low or high of creatine.
What factors influence the presence of low or high creatine?
- Muscle mass
Therefore, if the kidneys are healthy, creatinine is properly disposed of if the kidneys are malfunctioning but creatinine is more concentrated in the blood. The causes of malfunction of the kidneys may be various: diseases, reduced blood supply and obstruction of urine outflow, or there may be problems with the liver and in this case it speaks of a hepatorenal disease. You will find useful materials on kidney diseases, including kidney and urogenital infections and home remedies for their treatment, here:  or .
High creatinine: causes, symptoms, nutrition, natural remedies and tips
We have seen the values of creatinine, let’s say it’s high, how much is there to worry about?
First of all, we will say that in young and muscular people it is normal for creatinine to be a little higher than normal, which is why there are not necessarily kidney problems. Even in people with only one kidney, there are staggered values. Let’s see the symptomatology of high creatinine:
- dehydration and persistent thirst;
- low pressure;
- asthenia, difficulty in performing moderate efforts or even normal everyday activities, exhaustion, confusion, poor concentration;
- edema in the legs, swelling of the ankles and pretibal succulence;
- difficulty breathing;
- dry and thin skin, itching;
- nausea and vomit;
- recurrent urgency to urinate;
- painful urination;
- edema of the eye contour;
- muscle cramps.
And here are the causes of high creatinine:
- intense physical effort;
- kidney failure;
- diabetes mellitus;
- kidney infections;
- unbalanced feeding (too many proteins);
- congenital obstruction of the excretory pathways;
- urinary tract obstruction;
- hepatorenal syndrome;
- Lesch-Nyhan syndrome;
- Fanconi syndrome;
- use of nephrotoxic drugs  (tacrolimus and ciclosporin, ibuprofen, ketoprofen, diclofenac, naproxen, acetylsalicylic acid, colistin, vancomycin, quinolones, beta lactams, furosemide, amiloride, hydrochlorothiazide and metolazone, amphotericin-B and cisplatin);
- heart failure;
- rheumatoid arthritis;
What should be done if creatinine is high?
Surely, first of all follow the advice of the doctor, so you have to review the diet: less sodium, less protein, less refined sugars and avoid caffeine. Drink plenty of water and detox teas. Among the foods to avoid we mention: red meat, sausages, pumpkin, zucchini, cheese, fish, nuts, pork, eggs and milk, crustaceans and soy (too much phosphorus), dried fruit, bananas, spinach, potatoes, beans and peas (too much potassium). Garlic, extracts and teas, chicory, asparagus and artichokes will also be of great use for such conditions. Do not smoke and do not drink alcohol. Limit the use of drugs.
In terms of natural remedies for high creatinine, in particular phytotherapeutic, we find: nettle, burdock, milk thistle and dandelion which are excellent purifying plants. Use them is simple, they are found in herbal medicine or are gathered in the meadows and gardens. They should be boiled (if you choose one, do not use all together), filtered and consumed several times a day. As for sage, it should also be mentioned that this herb helps promote renal function. Avoid taking creatinine supplements so as not to raise their blood values.
Low creatinine: causes, symptoms, nutrition, natural remedies and advice
Usually low creatinine is recorded during pregnancy, which is the main cause of the lowering. Even among elderly people, however, there is a lower level of creatinine. Among the causes of low creatinine we find:
- muscle atrophy;
- liver failure and cirrhosis;
- pathologies of the kidneys;
- urinary tract obstruction;
- heart failure;
- syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion;
- some drugs;
- low protein diet.
What are the natural remedies to deal with low creatinine?
- take care of the diet by integrating more proteins, white meat and fish (well tuna and salmon);
- control the levels of iron and enrich the diet with foods that contain it and with vitamin C and folic acid ;
- taking a supplement may not be a good idea (certainly it is not pregnant) it is good to talk to your doctor;
- avoid alcohol;
- do not overdo drinking water and herbal teas to avoid straining the kidneys;
- moderate physical activity.
High and low creatinine: Six FAQ Answered
- When is it good to talk with your doctor? When you are predisposed for nephritic diseases, you do bodybuilding, you suffer from thyroid problems and diabetes.
- Is it necessary to take the diagnostic tests? Yes otherwise it is not possible to check the values.
- Can creatinine supplements be taken with high creatinine values? It is not recommended.
- What if I have high creatinine? Talk to your doctor, drink water and herbal teas and take care of your diet.
- What if I have low creatinine? If you’re pregnant, it’s normal, keep an eye on the diet, do not overburden the kidneys, do some physical activity.
- If I have low creatinine, do I have to take supplements? Not necessarily, ask the opinion of the attending physician.